Engineered wood products enable us to make efficient use of our wood resource. Entire trees, regardless of species, shape, and age, can be used to make engineered wood products. Some wood-based panel products, for example, make use of smaller trees, species not commonly used for lumber, or use chips and particles generated as by-products from other production processes.
A key advantage to engineered wood products is that they are very stable and offer greater structural strength than typical wood building materials. This means that joists and beams can be used in place of steel in many building projects.
Increasingly, builders are using engineered wood products for building joists, beams, studs, window and door frames.
Specialty engineered wood products offer unique characteristics suitable for building diverse end-use products such as boats, truck bodies and even upholstered furniture.
Furthermore, engineered wood products can be designed and ordered to specification, thereby reducing construction waste. This helps to balance demand for the larger trees and more desirable wood species. For example, buildings meeting the requirements of Canada's C-2000 program can use structural members of engineered wood products that can potentially reduce construction waste by up to 75%.
Engineered wood products are designed and manufactured to offer more precise tolerances in stability and strength. This provides greater engineering efficiency because buildings can be designed to use fewer structural components.
Engineered wood products also expand the opportunities for wood use in commercial, institutional and industrial construction. The long clear spans afforded by glued-laminated timbers (glulams), wood I-joists and laminated veneer lumber (LVL) allow for the efficient useof environmentally responsible materials. Conventional lumber can also be used to increase construction efficiency and reduce waste.
Engineered Wood Products include: